Home - Tour By Mexico ®

 

Uxmal
Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®

"Thrice-Built"
Declared world heritage in 1997 & earned UNESCO recognition as
a masterpiece of human creativity

[ Location Map ]           [ Site Map ]

Mexico Tours - Tour By Mexico ®
 

Nun's quadrangle in Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®Uxmal is a majestic archaeological site located 23 km from Kabah by the federal highway 261 in the State of Yucatan, Mexico.

Uxmal is located in the Santa Elena Valley to the south of the Pucc hill country in the southwestern part of the Yucatan Peninsula. The zone was first settled in 500 B.C., but it wasn't until the ninth and twelfth centuries A.D. that it became the seat of Mayan political and economic power in the Puuc region.

It is estimated that a population of around twenty-five thousand inhabitants was distributed throughout a territory of 37.5 square kilometers with enormous agricultural potential, but lacking in permanent water sources. For this reasons the Mayas constructed chultunes, or underground cisterns, and complex drinking water system, including aguadas and bukteoobob for the utilization of rainwater.

The architecture at Uxmal is one of the most authentic examples of the Puuc style. Decorative features such as the three-dimensional masks of the god Chaac, colonnades, the two-headed jaguar, and other iconographic symbols demonstrate Uxmal's position in the most important cultural and commercial circuits of the Maya Classic Era.

The walled civic-administrative area occupies an area of one kilometer from north to south and .6 kilometer from east to west. The place-type structures are arranged around courtyards, forming quadrangles. The decoration is among the richest and most varied of all the archaeological zones, including representations of god, animals, dignitaries, and geometric forms. There are also residential structures in the surrounding area.

No doubt, Uxmal is considered as the most splendid archaeological site from the Pre Hispanic era on the American Continent because of the proportions of its majestic constructions decorated with delicate embossment, which are carved with elegance and precision, astounding both, scientific community and visitors, since the Mayan builders had neither metal tools nor detectable means of transportation.

Its foundation date is still undetermined, but archaeologists rough estimates indicate that it was between the fifth and sixth centuries AD. Its cultural development, considered classic, demonstrates a certain similarity to that of Chichen Itza but shows none of the latter's Toltec influence.

Magician's Castle Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®The indigenous chronicles written after the Spanish Conquest name Ahcuitok Tutul Xiu as Uxmal's founding leader.

Please bear in mind that most place names were assigned to the various structures by the Spaniards. The name Uxmal was provided by the Mayans in their decadent period.

Uxmal is divided in three sections, which are:

CENTRAL ZONE

  • The Magician's Pyramid, located at the entrance to the site. This colossus stone is the result of five superimposed stages of building, crowned by a temple at the summit, from which you can contemplate the full grandeur of Uxmal  Magician's Pyramid Uxmal Mexico - Photo by Claudio Contreras Koob - Tour By Mexico ® Magician's Pyramid Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®

  • The Nun's Quadrangle, so called since the Conquest for its similarity to a convent; comprised of  four large structures resting on an artificial platform and surrounding a grand central square, 75mts long by 45mts wide. Decorated with god masks, jaguars, owls and human figures. This is the stage in which takes place the light and sound show. Nun's quadrangle Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
    This name was given to the VVIIth. century. It is comprised of four palaces placed at different levels, which surround the Patio.
    Its construction dates from around 900-1000 A.D. The facades offer a rich combination of decorative motifs such as lattice-work, colonnades, huts, masked representations of the Rain God, Two-headed serpents, owls, Symbols of the planet Venus, geometrical elements, human figures, naked or tied up, either sitting or standing. Quite conspicuous are the representations Tlaloc, The Rain God of Central Mexico.
    Nun's quadrangle Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ® Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ® Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ® Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ® Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ® Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ® Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ® Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ® Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ® Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ® Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®

  • The Ballgame Court Ball game Court Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®

  • The Cemetery Group

  • The Temple of the Monuments

  • The Soothsayers House, The name of this building comes from a Mayan legend known as "The Legend of the Goblin of Uxmal". The building is about 35 meters high and shaped like a truncated cone. Up till known, five different construction phases, each with a distinctive style have been discovered.
    These modifications were undertaken so as to satisfy the functional and religious need of each ensuing period. To the Westerly side one can observe Temples 1, 3, 4 and 5 which are dated between the VIIIth. century  and 1050 A.D. Towards the East lies the access to Temple 2, which dates from the VIIIth. century as does the aforementioned Temple 5.
    Soothsayers house Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ® Soothsayers house Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ® Soothsayers house Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ® Soothsayers house Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ® Soothsayers house Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ® Soothsayers house Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ® Soothsayers house Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®

UXMAL SOUTH ZONE

  • The Quadrangle of the Doves

  • The Great Pyramid

  • The Governor's Palace. Built on a stepped platform 97.5mts long by  8mts wide and 8mts high; supposedly, the residence of the most important members of the ruling class. Governor's Palace Uxmal - Photo by Alejandro Fernandez - Tour By Mexico ®The visual effect of movement produced by the rain-god masks jutting out from the friezes is extraordinary, as well as the filigree formed by over twenty thousand mosaics on the facade is remarkable. Governor's Palace Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ® Governor's Palace Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ® Governor's Palace Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ® Governor's Palace Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®

  • The House of the Turtles. This building is 30 mts. long and 10 mts. wide and is comprised of seven recincts. The decoration is sober and its smooth lower walls contrast with the colonnades that decorate the upper facade, where, throughout the length of the cornice, one can observe sculptures of turtles, who were important animals due to there association with rain and the Earth cycles. This temple was most surely dedicated to Aquiatic Cult. The architectural style corresponds to the later phase of Flourishing Puuc or Late Uxmal (900 - 1000 A.D.) House of the Turtles Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ® House of the Turtles Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ® House of the Turtles Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®

  • The Old Lady's House Old Lady's House Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ® Old Lady's House Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ® Old Lady's House Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®

  • The Temple of the Phalli (requires guide)

  • The Chimez House (requires guide)

  • Mask of Chac, the Rain God, Chac God Mask Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®

  • The Pillory Shrine. This shrine is built upon a square pedestal. There is a truncated cone - shaped monolith emplaced in the center which appears to have been stuccoed and upon which hieroglyphs and symbolic ornamentation were painted. Besides that, it is also known as the Flogging Block. There is, of course, a simplified version in which the stone represents the Central Tree ( "Axis Mundi"), the Ya' axche Cab. which is mentioned in Maya Mythology. Everything indicates that it was built around the same time as the Governors Palace. Pillory Shrine Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®

  • Throne of the Jaguar. Each side of the platform is 4.85 meters long and 1.20 meters high. It has steps on al four sides. A sculpture of a Two Headed jaguar, which served as a throne, is placed in the middle. Diggings made between 1951 - 52 made its restoration possible and also brought to light a valuable offering from its interior. 913 pieces were found, including beads, pectorals, Jade earring, earthenware, Cornaline, polished black stone, spear heads, and Flint and Obsidian knives. Jaguar Throne Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®

  • Great Pyramid, or Temple of the Macaws. This truncated pyramid is made up of nine sections, built on  different levels; the upper part known as the Temple of the Macaws because these tropical birds are depicted in the decoration, together with ornamental frets and fillets with entwined snakes, grotesque animal mask. etc. This pyramid probably dates to the mid 8th Century. Great Pyramid or Macaws Temple Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®

UXMAL NORTH ZONE

  • Consisting on several, still unnamed mounds. Visitors require guide.

More Photos (Click camera icon)

.Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Photo 1

Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Photo 2

Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Photo 3

Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Photo 4
Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Photo 5
Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Photo 6
Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Photo 7
Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Photo 8
Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Photo 9
Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Light and Sound
Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Light and Sound
Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Light and Sound
Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Light and Sound
Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Light and Sound
Uxmal Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Light and Sound
Uxmal archaeological zone in Yucatan, Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Magical Pyramid

 

Uxmal archaeological zone in Yucatan, Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Light and Sound
Uxmal archaeological zone in Yucatan, Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Lightning Calling Chac Gold
Uxmal archaeological zone in Yucatan, Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Lightning Calling Chac Gold
Uxmal archaeological zone in Yucatan, Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Museum Piece
Uxmal archaeological zone in Yucatan, Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Museum Piece
Uxmal archaeological zone in Yucatan, Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Photo
Uxmal archaeological zone in Yucatan, Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Photo
Uxmal archaeological zone in Yucatan, Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Photo
Uxmal archaeological zone in Yucatan, Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Photo
Uxmal archaeological zone in Yucatan, Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Sculptures of Tlaloc (water God)
These carved slabs formed part of the frieze of the west lower building of "El Adivino" (the soothsayer) and these alternated with figureheads of the Maya Rain Good: Chaac..
Uxmal archaeological zone in Yucatan, Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
The Phallus
This element was associated with fertility, in Uxmal there are various phallic representations on the west font of the building of the Nuns, much like the phalluses Temple and
in the vicinity of the Old Woman, where this piece on display comes.
Dating from the 11th to the 13th centuries.
Uxmal archaeological zone in Yucatan, Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
Representation stylized sculptural of a serpent from whose jaws appears a human face (9th - 10th centuries).
This piece reminds us of the sculpture know as "The Queen of Uxmal".
Currently at the National Museum of Anthropology.
Uxmal archaeological zone in Yucatan, Mexico - Tour By Mexico ®
The Turtle
The representation of this quelonio is common in Maya art, which is an animal associated with the rain a vital element for human subsistence. Similar sculptures are in the cornice of the turtles of Uxmal. (9th - 10th centuries)

UXMAL SCHEDULE

  • Archaeological zone: From 8 to 17 hrs.

  • Museum: From 8 to 17 hrs.

  • Light & Sound Show in Spanish*:
    Winter Hour: 19 hrs.
    Summer Hour: 20 hrs.
    *You can rent simultaneous translation equipment for English, French, Italian and German; also Mayan translations are available.

UXMAL FACILITIES

  • Auditorium

  • Guided visits

  • Handcraft

  • Photographic articles

  • Bookstore

  • Infirmary

  • Toilets

  • Restaurant

In Uxmal you can find excellent hotels and tourism services.

Uxmal Facilities
Hotels    
     

.


Yucatan State
Balankanche Cave  Caverns of Loltun   Celestun Town  Chichen-Itza Archaeological Site  |
Dzibilchaltun Archaeological Site  Dzilam de Bravo Town  Dzitya Town 
Ekbalam Archaeological Site  Izamal City   Kabah Archaeological Site  Kopoma Town 
Labna Archaeological Site  Mayapan Archaeological Site  Merida ۞ Capital City 
Oxkintok Archaeological Site  Poxila Town  Progreso Town  Rio Lagartos Town  |
Santa Clara Town  Sayil Archaeological Site  Tecoh Town  Telchac Puerto Town  |
Tikul Town  Tizimin Town  Uxmal Archaeological Site  Valladolid City  Xcambo Town  |
Xlapak Archaeological Site  The Paths of the Mayab  |

Home page of Yucatan State in Tour By Mexico ®  |

.

Yucatan Advertising - Tour By Mexico ®


Uxmal Light and Sound Tour - Tour By Mexico ®


Uxmal and Kabah Tour Lunch Included - Tour By Mexico ®


 


 

People who are reading this page right now visiting from...

 

_________________

|  Back to Tour By Mexico ®  |

Tour By Mexico ® at Facebook  Tour By Mexico ® at Twitter

Tour By Mexico ®
e-mail:
tourbymx@tourbymexico.com       Mexico Phone: (999) 317-0220

Home - Tour By Mexico ®All the World Reservation System from Tour By Mexico ®Mexico Tours - Tour By Mexico ®Our Guest Book - Tour By Mexico ®Advertise with Us - Tour By Mexico ®Mexico Deals - Tour By Mexico ®

Uxmal Facilities - Tour By Mexico ®

Hotels