Villahermosa is the Capital of the State of Tabasco and is located 863 km from Mexico City by the federal highways 180 and 150 in
Villahermosa is an
important city because of its industries (cattle, oil, agriculture,
commerce and fish). Villahermosa is surrounded by the Grijalva, Carrizal and Mezcalapa Rivers.
attractions is its cultural background. Among the interesting places you can
Templo de la
The idea of building the church arose in 1799, when a Spanish captain
promised the inhabitants he would give them a Virgin of the Concepcion. As
a result they built a hermitage to house the gift, which arrives a year
later. The church was destroyed during the North American invasion of
1846, and rebuilt in 1859. The church was demolished again in 1925, during
the religious persecutions, and reconstructed in 1945. It stands opposite
the Palacio de Gobierno.
Museo de La Venta
the most important of its kind in
Tabasco, is a stunning combination of nature and archaeology. It is
divided into two mains sections, one zoological, the other archaeological.
The first houses native fauna, such as jaguars and crocodiles. The second
display ancient Olmec monuments. There are 33 sculptures: altars, steal
and colossal heads, carved from basalt and other volcanic rocks. Before
beginning the tour of the monuments., visit the Hall of Archaeology with
exhibitions on Olmec life.
Stela 1 ( Young Goddess ).
A woman is
represented on this monument which is rare in Olmec ert. She is placed
in a big niche. On the upper part, the eyes, eyebrows and large mouth of
the jaguar can be discerned. 251 x 79 x 66
Stela 2 ( Of the King ).
The central figure
on this stela wears a large headdress and carries a staff of command.
Six flying figures wearing different headdress and also carrying staffs
of command frame the scene. They are perhaps ancestors. 257 x 209 x 90
Mosaic ( Large Mask ). There
were three mosaics worked in serpentine stone, and they were buried as
part of the massive offerings, including several tons of green-stone,
which were found on the La Venta archaeological site. They from the
outline of a face with a cloven head. 462 x 470 cm.
Altar 1 ( Feline Altar ).
represented on this altar is of a supernatural being with flaming
Jaguar claws are symbolically represented on the sides. 185 x
265 x 280 cm.
3 ( Dialogue Altar ). The
theme of a priest emerging from the depths of the earth is repeated on
this altar. Although it is fairly eroded, on one side two bearded
individuals can be recognized. They are sitting in an attitude
suggesting a discussion. At the front there is one other man . 160 x 319 cm.
4 ( Triumphal Altar ). The
outline of a jaguar heads is notable on the upper cornice of this altar.
What are the fangs, eyes and other symbols of the animal can also be
discerned. The principal figure with a headdress in the form of a harpy
eagle emerges from a niche and holds a cord with which he restrains
another person. 160 x 319 cm.
Altar 5 ( Altar of the children ).
The is one of the
most beautiful and complex monuments in olmec art. As with the large
headdress emerges from a cave or entrance to the underworld, and carries
a child, possibly dead, in his arms. On the sides of the monuments are
four seated men with curious headdresses, each carrying a child whose
attitudes are in contrast to that of the principal child. Each of these
children has deformed head and is in full movement. 154 x 190 x 170 cm.
Altar 6 ( Quadrangular Altar ).
The theme of the
altars - a person emerging from a cave - is seen here, though poorly
developed in comparison to the quality of the sculpture in other
monuments. 144 x 137 x 66 cm.
Altar 7 ( Altar of the owls ).
Only the head of a
figure rising from a cave is represented on this altar. It is badly
damaged but it can be seen that it wears a mouth-mask like a beak.
Various human figures and some well as several owl heads, and part of
their wings and claws. 120 x 175 cm.
Monument 1 ( The Warrior ). This
head is the best conserved of the tour which were found in la venta,
which may have been portraits of rules. The helmet is adorned with three
petals and a u shaped motif.
241 x 225 x 221 cm.
Monument 4 ( The Old Warrior ). The
colossal heads numbers 2, 3 and 4 were found in the central ceremonial
area of La Venta city (Group A). On this head the helmet decoration
bears a claw, possibly of a harpy eagle, a bird which was frequently
portrayed by the Olmecs.
Monument 20 ( Dolphin ). Until
now, this is the only Known case of a representation of a dolphin in
Olmec art. Its body is decorated with a series of geometric designs.
35 x 65 x 187 cm.
Monument 56 ( Monkey looking at the sky ). This
is known as the "monkey looking at the sky" because of its posture,
although it was probably incorporated horizontally to a building. 124 x
54 x 43 cm.
Monument 59 ( Jaguar Altar ). This
small altar bears the representation of a being whose torso is human,
while the mouth and eyes feline. The nose is human and the rest of the
body is of a jaguar. 95 x 65 x 113 cm.
Monument 60 ( Child Jaguar ). As
in many other olmecan sculptures, this one mixes human and animal
features, forming over natural creature images.
61 x 51cm.
Monument 63, This
monument represents a bearded man wearing a headdress with a lace. He
holds a large standard with the affigy of an animal
whose ventral and dorsal fins, jaw and teeth, identify it as a shark.
256 x 75 x 45cm.
Monument 65 ( The contortionist ). The
disproportionate nature of the head in relation to the limbs; the hands
beneath the chin an acrobat or contortionist.
66 x 49cm.
Monument 77 ( The Governor ). This
monument is extraordinary for the symbolism it contains, for its
excellent state of conservation, and for the quality of its sculpture.
The figure is decorated with cruciform emblems on the chest and belt.
lateral decorations emerge from the divided headdress and some of its
hair at the back. The cape is decorated with horizontal bands. 104 x 71
de Armas (Main Square). The plaza,
is a pleasant spot where locals got to chat
listen to music at the weekend. It overlooks the Grijalva river and the
boats that ferry to and fro across the river. There is a pedestrian bridge
from the plaza to the opposite bank. From the viewing tower on bridge
there are stunning vistas of the river.
Regional Museum of Anthropology Carlos Pellicer.
Visitors to the museums are greeted by the smile of a gigantic Olmec face.
The tour begins with displays of ancient artifacts hailing from Tlatilco
and Teotihuacan, followed by the Totonacs from the Gulf coast, Zapotecs
and Mixtecs from Oaxaca and Mexica from the central highlands. The first
floor is devoted to the two ancient cultures who settled in Tabasco: The
Olmec and the Maya. The mezzanine showcases the museum's finest pieces,
including the exquisite "Pellicer goblet".
Other attractions in
Tabasco History Museum,
the most beautiful buildings in Villahermosa, known as the "House of
Tiles" is the Regional History Museum, set in the middle of the Zona Luz.
On display are a variety of tiles imported from Barcelona, as well as
objects representing the history of the state and the life of years gone
by. In showcases two 18th century oil paintings, an anonymous one
depicting St. Anthony of Padua, and other one showing "The Divine Visage".
Popular Culture Museum,
Right in the center of the city, on calle Zaragoza,
stands the Popular Culture Museum, which showcases the handicrafts and
cultural expressions of the state's ethnic group. The museum display
carved gourds from Jalpa de Mendez, together with a variety of Tabasco
costumes, such as those worn by the Pocho dancers in Tenosique, and at
carnival time, those of the Caballito Blanco dance.
The La Polvora Lagoon
where there is a park with:
Games for children
de Gobierno (Government Palace). As in Spanish cities, Government House is located in the
main square or Plaza de Armas, in a building inaugurated. Built in a sober
neo-classical style, its main features include a staircase made from local
hardwoods, and the ironwork of the stair and grilles, the bronze locks,
polished glass and furniture, all of which were imported from France.
Catedral de Nuestro Se®or
de Tabasco (Cathedral). Its towers can be seen from virtually any point in
the city and although construction began in 1963 and as yet to be
completed, the cathedral has an architectural force that distinguishes it
from other buildings. The forerunner of the cathedral was the Iglesia del
Se®or de Esquipulas, built in 1976 and destroyed between 1928 and 1934.
The Tomas Garrido Park
Laguna de las
Ilusiones (The Illusions Lagoon)
The Corregidora Square
The Tabasco 2000,
Villahermosa's most modern district dates from the late 1970s and early
1980s, and is traversed by the Carrizal river. The city hall and the state
Administrative Center are located here, along with residential areas, a
shopping center, offices, a golf course, the Planetarium, the Convention
Center, four and five-star hotels and restaurants.
With its attractive lagoon and extensive gardens, this 108-hectare park is
one of the most important in the country, in terms of infrastructure.
There are three service zones, exhibition areas, a livestock hall,
open-air theater cockfight arena, a dolphinarium and car parks. Parque
Tabasco plays host to the annual Feria Tabasco, the state's huge fair.
Its main objective is to disseminate scientific theories, as well as the
arts, for which it has sophisticated projection equipment. Visitors can
also admire the striking mural by the Tabascan painter Daniel Ponce Montuy
depicting the mythological
world of the Maya.
CICOM Area Olmec
& Maya Research Center, One the banks of the Grijalva, not far from the
Zona Luz, is CICOM, an area housing the Jose Garostiza Art Center, where
acting and dance classes are given, among other activities,
Esperanza Iris Theater and a commercial area. It is also the site of the
Carlos Pellicer Regional Anthropology & History Museum and the CEIBA Art
You can also take a
one-day tour into the Captain Beulo boat on the
Grijalva river, where the best regional
cuisine from the State as well as International food can be tasted
Luz (Light Zone).
A good place the begin your tour is the so-called Zona Luz, the heart
of the city. its inhabitants unhurriedly as well as its late 19th century
and early 20th century buildings. Calle Juarez, the main avenue, is
tree-lined and has park benches where you can have a rest and enjoy the
tropical atmosphere. The Zona Luz has a wide selection of open-air cafes,
arts galleries and museums.
Villahermosa La Feria
del Desarrollo (the Development Fair) is celebrated in April with an exhibition of the
main production of the State. During this fair takes place the election of "La Flor
Mas Bella de Tabasco" (the Most Beautiful Pageant of the State).
More Villahermosa Photos (Click camera icon)
Cueva de las Canicas
La Venta 1
La Venta 2
La Venta 3
Tabasco State •
Comalcalco Archaeological Zone
| Grutas de Cocona
Laguna del Rosario
La Venta (Olmec)
۞ Capital City
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