La Venta is located 150 km. from Villahermosa and reached via Highway 180. Approximately 129 km down the 180 is the turnoff for La Venta archaeological zone.
Near the Tomala river. in the district of Huimanguillo, stands one of the oldest and most important centers of Olmec culture that reached its peak between 600 and 100 AD. Several of the colossal heads characterizing Olmec culture were found here. Although each one represents different rules, they have common features such as round faces, snub noses, thick lips and mouths turned down at the corners. Another characteristic feature is the pattern of La Venta's architectural grid, most of the buildings being oriented along the north-south axis.
La Venta was built by the Olmec, the earliest of the great Mesoamerican cultures. La Venta es considered one of the most important Olmec settlements, although much of that importance is derived from the city's antiquity. The dates most often used for la Venta are 1000 to 600 B.C., at which time the settlement would have covered some 200 hectares. Archaeological evidence from the countryside around La Venta, however, suggests the city may have at one time been much larger.
The vestiges of most important
city belonging to the Olmec civilization (1200-400 B.C.) are found in this
The site is located on a natural elevation that rises 65 feet above sea level on the coastal plain of the Gulf of Mexico. The first planned layout of monumental architecture in ancient Middle America was constructed here with an original extension of almost 500 acres. Its earthen constructions formed a ceremonial precinct, buildings with civic-administrative functions and residential areas, Groups of sculptures such as colossal heads, altar and stelea were associated to specific edifices.
This ancient Olmec city was surrounded by seasonally flooded lowlands and a complex network of rivers and streams, as well as freshwater and coastal lagoons. Small settlements have been found also dating to the first millennium before Christ along the ancient stream and river levees before Christ along the ancient stream and river levees. The environment of agriculture and the exploitation of rich aquatic and terrestrial flora and fauna resources for human consumption.
Olmec La Venta influence
can be found in distant sites such as Chalcatzingo and Teopantecuanitlan
in the Mexican states of Morelos and Guerrero, as well as in Chalchuapa
in the Republic of
This is the ceremonial center of this ancient city. It is composed of earth platforms which are laid out symmetrically excavations carried out in 1942, 1943 and 1955, more than 50 offerings were found of votive candles, clay vessels, jewelry and jade figurines, as well as 16 stone sculptures.
A division of basalt columns mark the east and west boundary of the Northern Courtyard. Mound A- 2 marked the northern boundary of the remains of two young individuals were uncovered with a rich collection of jade objects. To the south, there were two small adobe mounds under which Massive Offerings were discovered Each of these considered of an artificial cavity within which a stone platform was built On this was placed an abstract designed mosaic composed of serpentine blocks and covered with clays and the above mentioned mounds Complex A was.
La Venta has been divided into groupings, or complexes designated A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H and I, in addition to the Stirling Acropolis. Group E is thought to have been a residential area and heads found at the site were recovered here. Today, La Venta is mostly a series of mounds where once there was architecture, although the city's layout is clear, and astonishingly well designed. All the structures with the exception of Complex F, which was built earlier, are set on an north to south axis. They were made of perishable materials, such as wood and thatch, and stood on platforms constructed from earth, clay and sand. These platforms are 100 meters long or less, and stand approximately three to four meters tall.
The most outstanding
structure at La Venta is the Pyramid with its 140-meter height. The diameter
and 34-meter height. The colossal heads that made La Venta famous and are
unique to the site, may have been portraits of its rules. The heads are
different while having certain features in common: round; heavy faces, thick
turn-down lips and wide, flat noses. Five stelae were found at the site, one
of which, is the heaviest artifact pulled from La Venta and for that, the
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