in the State of
Mexico, is located 38 kms (24 mi.) southwest of
Xochicalco is one of the most exciting and richest archaeological sites in all Mexico. It was an area developed during the period 800 to 900 A.D., between the destruction of Teotihuacan (Aztec) and the beginning of Tollan (Toltec). Xochicalco was not only the oldest known fortress in Middle America, but also a religious center.
Already in the beginning of the IX century, Xochicalco must have been an important trading center, as it lay on the trade routes linking the northern and southern cultures.
Xochicalco means "Place of Flowers", although at present time, the hilltops are arid. The stronghold is 132 mts (430 ft) above a wide plain on a sugar-loaf where ball courts, palaces and living quarters were erected, but the whole area was terraced and stair stepped with stone supports facing around each one leading higher upward to the broad platform where the most fascinating of archaeological findings rest.
The lines of the building belong to cardinal
points. After the building was completed, relieves seven or ten centimeters
(three or four inches) deep were carved into these stones in the form of a
frieze. These represent the Feathered Snake, which coils around the sides of
the pyramid with their heads at the corners. A cross-legged priest sits
between the snake coils wearing an elaborated head dress which seems
particularly close to Mayan
Morelos State •
People who are reading this page right now visiting from...