Fuerte de San Diego

On April 14 of 1579 Felipe II declares, by Real Certificate, to Acapulco as only port commercial between America and Asia, the Port was intended to receive and to dispatch the Galleon of Manila, as well as to the few ships originating from Peru, Chile and America Central.

Fuerte de San Diego, Acapulco, Mexico (23914 bytes)The Consortium that was supporting the trade requested several Viceroy that protected the Port of the pirates and it was Diego Fern�ndez de Cordoba who commissioned to the engineer Dutch Adrian Boot to accomplish the project of a fortification that is characterized for its form of irregular polygon; such be began to build in 1615 and was ended in April of 1617.

Due to earthquake of 1776 was collapsed the original Fort of San Diego -that there is operated by more than 150 years-, because of this was built a new Fort that inherited the name of the first. This, that it remained built in 1783, lasts until our days.

Fuerte de San Diego, Acapulco, Mexico (19584 bytes)The building is unique by its design, in it were applied architectural concepts more advanced of the era, this characteristic converts it into a master work of the military engineering of all the times. Its plant, in a way pentagonal, permits the self-defense by all the flanks, furthermore surrounds it a dry pit. Would house to two thousand men with provisions and ammunitions for a year, since account with an efficient system to capture, concentrate and preserve the rainwater and numerous domed rooms about central courtyard. The set has a surface of 9,000 m2.

Fuerte de San Diego, Acapulco, Mexico (17171 bytes)To the beginning of the Independence War (principles of the century XIX), the Fort or Castle of San Diego, it was stage of one of the war actions more notable; Don Miguel Hidalgo orders to the General Morelos to organize them the campaign of the South and Takes of Acapulco in 1811; having fulfilled this the "Commander of the South" Emiliano Zapata, would pronounce the famous phrase:

� Viva Espa�a , hermana, no dominadora de AmFuerte de San Diego, Acapulco, Mexico (12877 bytes)erica !
(Live Spain, sister, not dominating of America !)

After that it fulfilled its assignment as custodian of Acapulco and of the Galleon of Manila they were assigned to different uses, until in 1986 was erected to headquarters of the Museum Historical of Acapulco.

The museum counts on 10
permanent exposition rooms:

1. The prehispanic inhabitants of Acapulco
Based on recent archaeologic investigations could be determined that the presence humanizes in this zone is soared to 3000 a.C. , it is since one of the first accession of Mesoam�rica. In the stage known as " urban centers" (1000 a.C. to 1519 A.D.), the excess in the foods production make the increase of population, to trade it with other centers and the activities diversification, this resulted in a clear social division. This local evolutionary process was altered by the arrival of the Spanish.

2. The Chapel of the Fort of San Diego
Originally it was devoted to the religious trades, today contains different heights in wood with religious motives.
Fuerte de San Diego, Acapulco, Mexico (8730 bytes)3. Acapulco and the evangelize in the East
Once they pacified the different regions of Guerrero state and due to the safety that was offering the bay of Acapulco, with the spirit of extending their dominances, the Spanish wreath chose this port as access door to the valuable commercial exchange that was meaning east due to its spices production, silk, porcelain, ivory and other, for such effect were sent advanced religious missionaries.
4. The kitchen of the Fort of San Diego
In a principle this place was occupied by the kitchen of the fortification. Today in day the environment that had in past eras has been recreateed with accuracy.
5. The conquest of the seas of the south
The territory that occupies currently the Guerrero state was one of the first in those which incursion  Hern�n Cortes, attracted by its mineral wealth and the existence of "other sea".
6. The Galleon of ManilaFuerte de San Diego, Acapulco, Mexico (12580 bytes)
The galleons were heavy ships - of more than 2,000 tons - equipped for the self-defense and whose form was hindering the boarding from other ship. The galleons that were covering the route Acapulco-Philippines were known as Galleon of Manila or Nao of China.
7. The piracy of the Pacific
The struggles that was maintaining Spain with their European neighbors and the predominance that had established in American lands awoke the greed of the pirates English and Dutch that they had as objective the apprehension of the Nao of China.
8. The commercial exchange with Asia
When the king of Spain, Felipe II, was deposited of the fact that Ruy L�pez de Villanueva had arrived to Philippines ordered the conquest, in 1565, it is that island to use it as operations base in the distant east.
9. The IndependenceFuerte de San Diego, Acapulco, Mexico (13955 bytes)
The cure Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, who called to the armed raising independent, it named to Jos� M. Morelos y Pav�n his deputy to carry the revolutionary movement until the Pacific. Morelos entered to Guerrero territory in the year of 1810; combatted by more of five years against the realistic forces and after repeated attempts, in 1813 took the Fort of San Diego, after besieging it by more than two years.
10. Architectural History of the Fort of San Diego
The name of the Fort it should be to the holy employer of the viceroy of the New Spain, Diego Fern�ndez de C�rdoba.


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