In the Tarascan language, Irapuato means,
“Where the hill meets the plain”. Before
the Spanish conquest, this territory originally was home to the Otomie
Indigenous tribe. However, between 1200 and 1250 AD the Otomies
were conquered by the Purepecha tribe. Due to the fertile soil of the area,
the Spanish decided to settle here in 1556. they began to set up farms and raise
cattle, which supplied food to the surrounding mining towns. During the
Mexican Independence Movement, Father Miguel Hidalgo passed through Irapuato
and officially became a city in 1893. The revolutionary armies of Villa,
Zapata and Carranza repeatedly came number of conferences, conventions and
sporting events. The farms surrounding the city grow strawberries, broccoli
and asparagus for export.
The average annual temperature is 20° C - 68°F
de la Ciudad (City Museum):
magnificent baroque style building was built during the second half of the
18th century. The museum displays a number of archaeological
artifacts, weapons, historical documents and photographs depicting the
history of Irapuato.
de los Fundadores:
Square): Approximately 4,000 square meters in size, this is a perfect
place to sit and relax or read up on the history of Irapuato from the
placards that surround the square. In the center of the square there is a
beautiful quarry stone sculpture entitled "Homenaje" (Homage) along with
the Fuente de la Identidad (identity Fountain).
(City Hall): Constructed in
1800, this neoclassic style building was originally a school for girls. It
was then expropriated by the government in 1857 and became the town hall
in 1875. Located on one of the walls of the inner courtyard is a large
mural entitled "Las Revoluciones" (The Revolutions), painted by local
artist Salvador Almaraz. A light and sound show also takes place here.
Parroquia de nuestra señora de la soledad:
(Our Lady of Solitude
Parish Church): This baroque style church dates back to 1600. The large
baroque style entrance and neoclassic style altar are dedicated to the
(Hospitalito Church): This
was the first church built in lrapuato, the interior was completed in 1713
and the facade in 1733. It is baroque in style and dedicated to the Señor
de la Misericordia (Lord of Mercy). The main altars contain images made
from corn paste.
De Los Delfines:
(Dolphins Fountain): In 1864, Archduke Maximilian of Hapsburg donated
three bronze Florentine fountains to the state of Guanajuato. These
fountains are located in lrapuato, Leon and the city of Guanajuato.
(Guadalupe Bridge): This Bridge was built over the Silao
River in 1857.
Zoologico Parque Hidalgo:
(Hidalgo Zoo): This beautiful
zoo has a wide variety of animals, an artificial lake, canoe rentals and
an aviary. A host of activities are available for both children and adults
Templo de la Tercera orden
Templo de San Francisco
Ex-Colegio de la Enseñanza
Ex-Convento de las Religiosas de la orden
Templo de Santiaguito
Centro de Convivencia Infantil
Celebration and Festivals:
Cabalgata de Reyes:
of the Three Kings): On the 5th of January at 7:00 p.m., a procession of
brightly decorated carriages winds through the main streets. This colorful
and cheerful parade is in honor of the arrival of the Three Kings.
Fundacion de la Ciudad:
Day): This festival takes places on the esplanade of the Hospitalito
Church and the Plaza de los Fundadores (founders Square) every 15th of
February. A variety of civic, artistic and cultural events are held to
celebrate the founding of the city.
Fair): This regional fair is held every March on the fairgrounds south of
the city. Commercial, industrial and handicraft exhibits are on display
along with a number of cultural, theatrical and sporting events.
Virgen de la Soledad:
of Solitude): This religious celebration honoring the Patroness of the
city es held annually on April 30th.
Festival de Eraitzicutziod:
Festival): For one week in May, artistic and culural events are performed
in Founders Square and the Auditorio Benito Juarez (Benito Juarez
Expo): This Agro-Industrial Expo is held in November.
Christmas Festivities): These traditional festivities are held
the city December, Each neighborhood displays their own creativity with
decorations and celebrations are the 11th and 12th of December, when the
Virgin of Guadalupe is honored. Pilgrimages are made to the templo del
Puente (Bridge Church) and at dawn local residents gather to sing "Las
Mañanitas" (Happy Birthday) along with other religious songs.
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Guanajuato State •
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