Coahuila State is located in the
middle of the northern border of Mexico and is entirely landlocked.
It is bounded on the
north by the USA, on the east by Nuevo
Leon, on the south by San Luis Potosí and Zacatecas, on the
northeast by Durango, and on the west by Chihuahua. It has an area of 150,395 sq km (58,068
sq mi), which is third place in size among the states of Mexico, and a population of
approximately 2'298,070 inhabitants.
There are at least two theories about the
origin of its name. Some assert that the word came from the name from an Indian tribe that
lived in the region. Others say that it came from the Nahuatl word
"Coatlhilana", which means "Flying snake" or "Creeping
Coahuila has four types
of climate: Depending on the region, diverse climates
exist throughout the state. With an average temperature 25°C (77°F) and an
annual precipitation of 40 mm (1-3/4 in,), the climate for the Southeastern
region varies from dry to semi-dry and from mild to warm. In the Laguna
region, the climate is mostly dry with some semi-dry and mild like the
Jimulco mountain ranges.
In the Central Region, a semi-dry and warm climate
predominates. In the Northern area, the climate is dry and and warm.
Poblation Centers: Saltllo, 25.14%, Torreon,
23.05; Monclova, 8.44% and Piedras Negras, 5.57%
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