is the capital of the
State of Campeche. It is located 196 km southeast of
Merida in the State of Yucatan by the federal highway 180, and 471 km northeast of
Villahermosa in the State of Tabasco by the federal highways 186, 261 and 180 in Mexico.
The name of Campeche
comes from the Mayan world "Ah-Kim-Pech", which means "The sir sun
jigger", but since its pronunciation was difficult for the Spanish, they called it
"Kna Pech", which means "Place of snakes and jiggers".
around the third century of our era, was the principal town of the Mayan
province . By 1517, expeditionary lead by Francisco Hernandez de Cordova
reached the village of Ah-Kim-Pech to replenish their water supply, after a
4 days storm they were able to disembark at
Champoton where they were
attached by the Mayan troops led by Moch Couoh. The Mayan victory over the
Spaniards became a fact, and ever since the place where the battle took place
its called the "bay of the bad fight". Later, in 1531, Commander Francisco
de Montejo founded Salamanca de Campeche,
but failed to enter in the land of
Mayas. In 1540, Montejo's son arrived to
Champoton and conquered Kim Pech
and Acanul. In 1541 Francisco Montejo founded the "Villa de San Francisco de
Campeche", and won later Tenabo, Hecelchakan and Calkini.
For the ones who
would like to been born in the times when pirates conquered places and
struggled many fights, its definitely a good idea to visit the City of Campeche. Because the constant tension of wars, conflicts, alliances between
England, France and Holland with Spain and Portugal the people from Campeche
were forced to fortify their city by building forts and walls from 1685 to
thus preventing them from taking advantage of their economic
Submerged evidences: One of the
projects of investigation on Subaqueous Archaeology, that at the moment is
carried out in Sonda de Campeche is the tie ones with the rest
of the Fleet
of the New Spain
of 1630, 1631; this it has allowed to obtain data about numerous sites and
recovered some objects like tubes, anchors, bottles, containers, slab,
textiles, needles and pins.
Through analysis of these materials it is possible to know, in the case of a
shipwreck, its origin or destiny, nationality and antiquity, all of them
important data for the reconstruction of processes of the past.
Campeche's history has
divided the City in three zones:
formed by the old
walled city which was inhabited by the Spaniards during the Colony
located to the north of the wall, where the Mayan population was
San Roman to the south,
where the Mexican natives established themselves with the mulattos brought
from the Islands of the Caribbean, mainly from Cuba
Nowadays the bastions and
remains of the wall are historical monuments, museums, gardens and other cultural
The Ancient House of the
with Arabic arcs and flight of steps made or marble. Currently its been
converted into a crafts store and government offices.
The Baluarte of Nuestra Se®ora de la Soledad. Built
here you can visit the Steal museum
named Dr Roman Pina Chan,
with an exhibition of 22 Mayan Sculptures
Cathedral of the Campeche (The Church of our lady of Purisima Concepcion,
The first chapel is dated on the XVI
century, and it was located on the nearest summit of the main plaza of
Campeche. The actual church after our Lady of Purisima Concepcion, was
built in the XVII century. The construction was interrupted several
times, but it was able to be finished thanks to the donations of Mrs.
Margarita Guerra, and it was blessed on July 4th, 1705. In 1758 the west
wind tower was built, and extra construction was done, being finished 4
years later. The monument was consecrated on July 25th, 1833 by the
bishop of Yucatan, Jose Maria Guerra, in 1895, the pope Leon XIII
founded the bishopric of Campeche and the temple was changed into the
now the Diocese of Campeche.
where some examples of Colonial
can be observed
The Church of San Francisco,
built in the XVI
The San Francisco de Paulo Toro Park,
exhibition of handicrafts from
the country is presented in December
The Regional Museum which
is known as the Casa del Teniente del Rey (House of the Lieutenant of
with a collection of European weapons from
the XII to XIX centuries
The Historical Hall of the Fortifications
which is based on
historical explanations, reconstructions of fortifications of the old
walled city with photo mountings in color and scale models.
"Puerta del Mar" (Sea Gate)
its one of the four gates of the City, it was used to receive and dismiss
travelers and their products.
"Puerta de Tierra" (Land Gate),
built in 1732. Its
considered as the main symbol of the City.
the light and sound show on Tuesday, Friday and Saturday at 8 PM.
San Jose el Alto,
At the end of the 18th century various
outer works were constructed which increased the range of action from
the plaza of Campeche: one of them is this structure, which was
completed August 9, 1972 by lieutenant to the king, don Jorge Sabio de
Vargas, The Reduct of San Jose can be considered as a perfectly
conserved project since it contains a ditch barrel vault, cistern and
gates which served to guard the outside; the ditch was covered was
covered with stakes and quicklime. One can also see the hall which
served as a vestibule, guardroom, sleeping quarters, chapel, kitchen,
warehouse for gunpowder, a cell, merlones an embankment. loopholes and a
latrine. The cistern is a water deposit which filled from collectors
which found on the highest parts of the structure facing the interior of
the central patio.
Cane of Rudder: This
nautical element served to turn the rudder that governed the boat. Wood
carving finely of African black ebony is an admirable example of
Florentine art (Italy) of century XVI. In it can see a galgo can, next
the piston rod adorned with leaves of acanto with the symbol of
navigation that are the dolphin and the trident of Neptune (in form of
harpoon with three teeth); as well as the caduceus of Mercury (rod with
two wings in the end surrounded by two snakes), emblem of La Paz, the
concord, the commerce and of the medicine. It belonged to a sailboat
that comes from Europe to take diverse raw materials as the dye wood.
The boats arrived empty and to use the voluminous volume, brought
generally as it ballast or counterbalance roofing tile of Marseilles,
France and marble of Carrara, Italy. Both materials were re taken
advantage of in the construction of the houses.
The cane of Rudder was found in the Old River or Dry River, which is
affluent of the river Pelizada, Campeche, by the end of century XIX.
Originally the piece belonged to Don Jose Jesus Cervera y Armas, whose
descendants deposited in the museum of Campeche for their conservation
The bastion's terrace,
The esplanades of the fortresses had several well-defined architectural
elements. The slopes of the access ramps had to allow cannons and small
carts transporting ammunition to be rolled up to the top. The ramp of
the Bastion of La Soledad is sustained by three arches; on the terrace
we can see two types of parapets: the one facing the sea is low and
continuous so cannons could be moved freely to attack enemy ship
approaching the city; the lateral ones, on the other hand, had benches
so that shooters could be slightly elevated to shoot from the gun
emplacements. The merlons are the solid portions of the parapet that
made it possible to take shelter between to emplacements, while the
weapons were reloaded. Towers were placed at the corners. Their walls
bore embrasures -vertical openings- that afforded greater security to
the defenders. Sometimes toilets or latrines were placed in these
The handicrafts are made
palm of jipi
Campeche is famous
because of its excellent gastronomy such as the bread of dogfish, and the Nac-cum made
with red snapper.
Actually the City of
Campeche offers visitors numerous things to do and has
adequate for everyone. Campeche its ideal as a base to visit its
surroundings as archaeological sites and beaches.
A GUIDE TO VISIT CAMPECHE AND SURROUDINGS IN 4 DAYS
trip downtown in the Tourism Tram. Check our the handicrafts. Visit the
Casa 6 on the Main Plaza, the Cathedral and the San Francisco area. In
the afternoon take the other Tram to the Forts of San Miguel and San
Take a tour to Edzna
By the night take a stroll on the seaside promenade, watch people
and check out
a place to have dinner.
Rent a car and drive to
your way you will see beautiful beaches and many seafood restaurants.
By the night don't miss the light and sound show at "La Puerta de
Visit the botanical garden "Baluartes de
Santiago". Also visit the "Baluarte" of San Pedro, San Juan, San
Francisco, Santa Rosa and San Carlos (City Museum).
By the night go dancing at one of the discos in town.
More Photos - Click each Camara Icon
Cathedral and Park
"Love the sea"
Pieces of the Baluartes Museum
Hilt sword detail
Hilt sword detail
• Campeche State
Bolochen de Rejon
Campeche ۞ Capital City
Ciudad del Carmen
Becan Archaeological site
Chicanna Archaeological site
Edzna Archaeological site |
Xpuhil Archaeological site
Back to Campeche
State in Tour By Mexico ®