California is located in the
extreme northwest corner of the Mexican Republic.
Baja California is bounded on the north by
the American States of California and Arizona; at the northeast tip by
State of Sonora, which is the only land area that joins the Baja
California peninsula to rest of the country; and on the south by the
State of Baja
This state has 4 municipalities; The biggest is
Ensenada, with an area of more than 51,000 sq. km
(19,690 sq. mi.).
The total area of the
Baja California state is 70,113 sq. km (27,070 sq.
mi.), not including the insular territory.
The climate of Baja
California is hot and dry, but the state's geographical location, to the north of the
Tropic of Cancer, gives it a well defined winter. In the northeast, the climate is
semi-desert, with very high temperatures in the summer and at the beginning of fall. The
winter is rainy, but not extremely so. To the northwest, from the U.S. border to San Quintin Bay, the climate is mild with hot summers. The winter is rainy with prevailing
In the San Pedro Martir
Mountains, the highest area of the state, the climate is mild in the summer and cold in
the winter, with snow in the area of the astronomic observatory.
In the desert and sandy
zones to the south of Rosarito, the climate is very dry, extremely hot in summer, and the
large temperature difference between day and night.
Mexican Republic map in Tour By Mexico ®