Baja California - Tour By Mexico ®


Baja California is located in the extreme northwest corner of the Mexican Republic.

Baja California is bounded on the north by the American States of California and Arizona; at the northeast tip by the State of Sonora, which is the only land area that joins the Baja California peninsula to rest of the country; and on the south by the State of Baja California Sur.

This state has 4 municipalities; The biggest is Ensenada, with an area of more than 51,000 sq. km (19,690 sq. mi.).

The total area of the Baja California state is 70,113 sq. km (27,070 sq. mi.), not including the insular territory.

The climate of Baja California is hot and dry, but the state's geographical location, to the north of the Tropic of Cancer, gives it a well defined winter. In the northeast, the climate is semi-desert, with very high temperatures in the summer and at the beginning of fall. The winter is rainy, but not extremely so. To the northwest, from the U.S. border to San Quintin Bay, the climate is mild with hot summers. The winter is rainy with prevailing westerly winds.

In the San Pedro Martir Mountains, the highest area of the state, the climate is mild in the summer and cold in the winter, with snow in the area of the astronomic observatory.

In the desert and sandy zones to the south of Rosarito, the climate is very dry, extremely hot in summer, and the large temperature difference between day and night.

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